Los aztecas reconocían la existencia de un Supremo Creador y Señor del Universo. Se dirigían a Él en sus plegarias como el Dios por quien vivimos, que está presente a todo, que conoce todos los pensamientos y que dispensa todos los dones, sin el cual el hombre es como nada. Trece eran las principales deidades, y más de 200 las inferiores, cada una de las cuales tenia consagrado un día determinado o una festividad adecuada. A la cabeza de estos dioses estaba el terrible HUITZILOPOCHTLI, el Marte mexicano, aunque seria injusto compararlo al heroico dios de la guerra de los romanos, púes el dios azteca era más sanguinario y cruel. Los aztecas adoptaron los sacrificios humanos al principio del siglo XIV, 200 años antes de la conquista de México por los españoles. La forma de morir de las victimas era como sigue: la victima era recibida por seis sacerdotes, que le conducían a la piedra del sacrificio que era de un reluciente jaspe, con la superficie superior algo convexo, y lo extendían sobre ella. Cinco sacerdotes sujetaban su cabeza, sus brazos y piernas, entretanto que el sexto sacerdote vestido con un manto escarlata, emblema de su sanguinario oficio, abría diestramente el pecho de la victima, con un afilado cuchillo de ITZTLI, substancia volcánica tan dura como el pedernal. Y metiendo su mano en la herida, extraía el corazón palpitante. En seguida este sacerdote de la muerte levantándolo primero hacia el Sol, objeto de culto de todo el Anáhuac, lo arrojaba a los pies de la deidad a quien estaba consagrado el templo. Y al mismo tiempo la multitud se postraba en humilde adoración. Pero lo más abominable era el destino del cuerpo de la victima, que era aderezado y servido en un banquete para los notables del reino. Se calcula en 25,000 los desdichados que morían cada año en estos horripilantes sacrificios humanos. Al final el Cristianismo acabó con estas practicas de salvaje idolatria.
Human sacrifices has been one of the most common practices in the history of mankind. They were already practiced in many cultures in ancient times. For example in Celtic religions in the Bronze Age, it was practiced in ancient Rome up to 97 BC. In Cartago it was very normal sacrificing infants to appease the wrath of their gods. In the Aztec Culture one year was composed of a circle of 18 months drenched in blood, with 18 ways to die either by arrows, immersion in water, skinning, throat cutting, etc. It was all a religious aberration but with a social content. The Aztec cult required their innumerable gods to be fed with human blood so as to ensure the progress of the universe. In Aztec culture human sacrifice was a divine task and at the same time of political and military significance. The tribes under the dominion of the Aztec Empire had the obligation to periodically wage battles with the Azteca and their allies, so as to provide the empire with people taken captive, who were then destined to be slaughtered. You could say that conquered tribes constituted a sacred food reserve.
The Aztecs recognized the existence of a Supreme Creator and Lord of the universe. They turned to Him in their prayers, as the God by Whom we live, Who is present in everything, Who knows all thoughts and Who delivers all the gifts, without Whom man will be nothing. Thirteen was the number of the main deities, with more than 200 lower deities, and for each of them a specific day was designated as a proper holiday. At the head of these gods was the terrible HUITZILOPOCHTLI, the Mexican Mars, though it would be unfair to compare him to the heroic God of war of the Romans, as the Aztec God was far more bloody and cruel. The Aztecs practiced human sacrifices up to the beginning of the 14th century, 200 years before the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards. Their victims often died in the following manner: the victim was accompanied by six priests, and he was then led up to the stone of sacrifice which was of a gleaming marble, with a convex upper surface where he was laid down upon. Five priests held his head, arms and legs, while the sixth priest all dressed in a scarlet cloak, an emblem of his murderous craft, opened up the chest of the victim with a sharp knife of ITZTLI, which was a volcanic substance as hard as flint. And putting his hand into the wound, he extracted the throbbing heart. This priest of death would first lift up the heart towards the Sun, an object of worship for the Anahuac, and then he would throw the heart at the feet of the deity to whom the temple was consecrated. And at the same time the multitude would bow down in humble adoration. But most abominable of all was the way the corpse was being disposed of. The body of the victim would be seasoned with spices and served at a banquet for the notable figures of the Kingdom. The number of wretched souls who died each year in these gruesome human sacrifices was estimated at 25,000. In the end it was Christianity that ended all these savagery and idolatry.