Mi Blog

Mi Blog

martes, 30 de agosto de 2011

SOCIOLOGY – Montesquieu was Right

Cuando uno termina de leer El Espíritu de Las Leyes, te das cuenta de lo poco que han cambiado las relaciones entre el poder y el pueblo.  Nada ha evolucionado en si en los sistemas democráticos.  La corrupción en algunos casos es la moneda imperante.  Por eso  las ideas de Montesquieu en mi opinión no han envejecido.  Su teoría política más popular era la de la división de poderes por este orden, poder judicial, el legislativo y el ejecutivo, algo que ha sido asumido por los llamados países democráticos.  La base de su pensamiento era que cada pueblo tiene las formas de gobierno y las leyes que son propias a su idiosincrasia y trayectoria histórica.  Él creía en el progreso del hombre y hacia todo lo posible por lograrlo a través de sus ideas.
Como es sabido Montesquieu fue un liberal aristócrata que revoluciono el mundo de la ciencia política con sus planteamientos a favor de la libertades políticas.  Al contrario de la mayoría de los pensadores que influyeron con sus ideas y escritos al movimiento de la ilustración, Montequieu no estaba condicionado por su nivel de pobreza al escribir sus pensamientos, una gran diferencia con el autor del Contrato Social, Juan Jacobo Rousseau.  ¿Cuantos políticos mediocres tendrían que acercarse y leer sus textos?  Claro, eso seria pedir mucho ante la incultura manifiesta de nuestros salvadores de la patria.
Más que nunca en mi modesta opinion este libro escrito por Montesquieu es de una rabiosa actualidad, tanto en  nuestra patria como en el resto de las democracias occidentales.  Con que ligereza se trata de enterrar su gran obra en esta podrida y corrupta democracia que tenemos en España.  Si Montesquieu volviera a la vida de seguro que volvería su tumba al comprobar que vivimos en este nefasto sistema llamado democracia.  Pues Montesquieu era contrario a dicho sistema que era la antítesis de la libertad.  La libertad según su teoría es solamente posible en las Monarquías moderadas, siempre que no se abuse de este poder.
Les dejo con algunos extractos de sus ideas, < El principio de la democracia degenera, no solamente cuando se pierde el espíritu de igualdad, sino cuando se extrema ese mismo principio, es decir, cuando cada uno quiere ser igual a los que el mismo eligió para que le mandaran.>
Según Montesquieu, < En una Republica, los presentes son una cosa repugnante, porque la virtud no tiene necesidad de ellos.>
 < Aquel a quien no se les da nada, no desea nada, aquel a quien se le da algo, quiere más, y luego quiere mucho.>
Pensando en republicano, quería Platón que se impusiera la pena de muerte al que admitiera presentes por cumplir con su deber.  Pues si se aplicasen las opiniones de Platón en nuestra amada patria, no habría suficientes cementerios para tantos chorizos.  En fin, que este libro seria de lectura obligada para la caterva de mediocres que nos gobierna.  Más el problema es que la inmensa mayoría de ellos son casi analfabetos.  Ya ven los logros del sistema democrático, se cambia la Constitución sin consultar con el pueblo.  Pues va a resultar que Montesquieu llevaba mas razón que un santo.
When one finishes reading The Spirit of the Laws, you will find that little has changed in the relations between the power and the people.  Nothing has evolved as such within the democratic systems.  Corruption in some cases has become the legal tender.  For this reason, the ideas of Montesquieu in my opinion have not aged.  His theory of politics that is most popular is that of the division of the powers in this order, judicial, legislative and the administration, something that has been assimilated by the so called democratic countries.  The basis of his thinking was that each nation should have its own form of government and laws that are in concordance with its idiosyncrasies and trajectory of its history.  He was a firm believer of the progress of mankind and did all he could to achieve it through his ideas.
As it is well known, Montesquieu was a liberal aristocrat that revolutionized the world of political science with his stance in favor of political liberties.  In contrast with the majority of thinkers that influenced with their ideas and works in line with the movement of that which is illustrated, Montesquieu was not conditioned by poverty when he wrote about his thinking, a big difference from the author of Social Contract, Juan Jacobo Rousseau.  How many of these mediocre politicians would benefit by reading his texts?  Of course this would be asking too much, especially in this scenario of a total lack of culture that is so obvious among the saviors of our nation.
More than ever, in my modest opinion, this book written by Montesquieu is of as much relevance in the present day as before, for our nation and the rest of the democratic western nations.  With what little importance has been shown by the rotten and corrupted democracies towards this book, in trying to bury its ideas in modern day Spain.  If Montesquieu came back to life, I am sure that he would prefer to return to his grave after witnessing the dismal panorama that is known as democracy today.  Montesquieu was against this system as it was the antithesis of liberty.  Liberty, according to him is only possible in the moderated monarchies, as long as they do not abuse of their powers.  
I leave you with a few extracts from his texts, “The beginning of degeneration of democracy occurs not only when the spirit of equality is lost, but also when this principle is interpreted to the extreme, which is to say that each and every one wants to be the same as those that they have elected to rule over them.”
According to Montesquieu, “In a Republic, the presents are something which is repugnant, as virtue has no need of them.”
“Those that do not give much has no desire of anything, while those who has been given some, desires more, and later much more.”
Thinking in terms of a republican, Platon wanted that the death sentence be imposed upon those who accept gifts as part of their compliance of their duties.  If the opinions of Platon were to be applied today in our beloved nation, there would not be sufficient cemeteries for all the fraudsters.  At the end of the day, this book should be compulsory reading for the bunch of idiots that govern us.  In addition the problem is that the majority of them are illiterate.  We can clearly see the achievements of the democratic system, where they can change the constitution without minimal consultation with the public.  It seems that Montesquieu was right, with more logic than a saint.

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